Know Teaching methods, their advantages and disadvantages

by Amos Kalu

Types of teaching methods, their advantages, and disadvantages: The method of instruction that an educator intends to use in the classroom is one of the most important choices they will have to make, and it should be among the first. This is due to the fact that the methodology that is utilized by instructors has a significant bearing on the students who are being educated. But what exactly are the various approaches to classroom instruction?

Types of teaching methods, their advantages and disadvantages

If a teacher is unable to blend a variety of teaching strategies in order to make each topic engaging and original, students can become easily bored. Any material can be communicated to students in a variety of formats by a facilitator. There are some of them that are simple to comprehend and keep in mind, while others are challenging. Every qualified educator ought to be familiar with and able to put into practice the use of a variety of instructional approaches in combination with one another. What factors influence an educator’s decision on the strategies to put into practice? The selection of teaching approaches is affected by a number of aspects including the following:

  • The educational or teaching philosophy held by the instructor
  • The racial and ethnic makeup of the students in your classroom
  • The subfield of a subject that you are qualified to instruct in
  • The mission of the educational institution in which you are employed

How would you define a teaching method?

What exactly is meant by the term “teaching methods”? You’ll find a straightforward explanation of what it means here, in case you were wondering. The broad ideas and tactics of management and pedagogy that are utilized for the purpose of instructing students in a classroom are referred to collectively as “teaching methods.”

Different teaching approaches and methodologies

When a teacher has a solid grasp on the requirements of their pupil population, they are in a better position to select the instructional strategies that will provide the best results. The following is an overview of several distinct approaches to educational delivery, along with a discussion of the benefits and drawbacks of each. You will gain a better understanding of the distinction with the help of these examples of instructional methods.

1. Teacher-centered

Sage on the stage is another name for this type of instructional approach. The teachers act as their students’ authority when using the teacher-centered instructional approach. On the other hand, students typically acquire their knowledge in an inactive manner by attending lectures and following the directives of their teachers. The successful completion of standardized tests and other forms of evaluation by students is the ultimate objective of this instructional approach.


  • Organization of educational material in a logical fashion.
  • The cultivation of working together.
  • Pay attention to the topic at hand.


  • Limited content.
  • Complete reliance placed on the instructors by the pupils
  • Summative assessment.

2. Student-centered

When using this approach to education, both the instructors and the students participate in the process in a manner that is roughly equivalent. The primary responsibilities of a teacher include serving as a mentor and facilitator for student learning, as well as ensuring that pupils have a firm grasp of the subject matter. In addition, they are tasked with evaluating students by examining them both formally and informally in some capacity. The role of the instructor in a classroom that is student-centered is that of a facilitator or guide. The evaluation of the learners’ student portfolios and their participation in the class are the two primary factors that determine their final marks.


  • Evaluation on a formative level.
  • Participation by students in an active manner in the educational process.
  • Place a strong emphasis on the significance of the information that is being handed on.


  • Specific expertise as a teacher is essential.
  • Some kids can find it challenging to do so.
  • It places an emphasis on the individual requirements of the students.

Types of teaching methods, their advantages and disadvantages

3. High Tech

The use of numerous technological tools, all of which contribute to a more structured approach to the educational process, is at the heart of this sort of instructional approach.


  • Increased capacity for retaining information
  • Participation and activity on the part of the students
  • The development of skills necessary for working with others.


  • Distraction from one’s academic pursuits.
  • It is possible that student-to-student study groups will be reduced.
  • Labor-intensive lesson planning.
  • Very expensive.

4. Low-tech

This is a more conventional kind of education, in which the educator and the people they are teaching engage in direct conversation with one another.


  • Improved handwriting and spelling abilities are developed.
  • Better attention to the subject of the study.
  • Cheap


  • Lack of available tools

Each of these approaches and ways of education comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. The capabilities of the pupils as well as the desired outcome of the learning process are two factors that teachers need to take into consideration when making this decision.

Teaching Strategies and Methods

Within the different ways of teaching, each has its own distinct modes of instruction.

1. Teacher-centered

These approaches of instruction are utilized within the context of the teacher-centered approach.

Instruction is given directly (low tech)

Knowledge is typically disseminated through the delivery of lectures, adherence to the scripts of various lesson plans, and the facilitation of demonstrations as part of the standard teaching approach. This kind of instruction does not take into account the choices of the students or the opportunity for other kinds of learning.

Flipped classrooms (high tech)

In this instructional method, students watch pre-recorded classes at home and then complete tasks in the physical classroom setting.

Kinesthetic learning

The term “tactile learning” describes this instructional method. It is based on the concept of multiple intelligences and requires students to engage in activities that involve doing, making, and creating. When students are given the option of how they would like to learn new material through movement, it can lead to an environment that is more student-centered than teacher-centered.

Types of teaching methods, their advantages and disadvantages

2. Student-centered

These pedagogical approaches can be utilized within the context of student-centered learning.

Differentiated instruction (low tech)

Differentiated instruction is a teaching style that involves building an understanding of every student’s most effective way of learning and modifying lesson plans to match the distinctive requirements of individual students.

Teaching and learning based on inquiry (high tech)

In this method, the role of the teacher is to be that of a supporter and guide, doing nothing more than assisting the students as they take an active role in the development of their project and pose questions that are personally relevant to them. After some time has passed, they present the authority figure with the findings of their research.

Learning through experience (low tech)

Learning outside of the traditional classroom setting, such as on expeditions, tours, and educational visits is the primary focus of this instructional method.

Personalized learning (high tech)

In this approach to education, students follow lesson plans that have been adapted to meet their specific needs in terms of both their interests and their talents. They are able to learn at their own pace and take as much time as they require before being judged on their performance.

Education Through Games (high tech)

Video games, which are generally well-liked by pupils, served as the inspiration for this method. By doing so, players can acquire the skills necessary to achieve a particular objective or find a solution to a problem that is presented to them in a game.

What exactly is meant by “blended learning”?

The term “blended learning” refers to an adaptable instructional style that mixes traditional in-class instruction with learning that is supported primarily by technological means. It incorporates aspects of both online and offline learning and then alternates between the two in the appropriate manner.

What exactly is meant by the phrase “universal design for learning”? (UDL)

The Universal Design for Learning (UDL) approach adheres strictly to the many bits of intelligence idea, which maintains that various instructional approaches are best suited to the specific needs of each student. Therefore, in classrooms that follow UDL, each person might be doing something different. For instance, some students might be practicing their writing by writing on their own, while others might be working on a project with their peers in a group setting.

What are the contemporary approaches to classroom instruction?

Personalized learning, project-based learning (also known as PBL), place-based education, formative assessment, and learning in the real world are all examples of these types of educational approaches.

What are the most effective approaches to teaching?

Each of the several strategies has both advantages and drawbacks, making it impossible to choose one over another. The instructional approach that is most successful is the one that is well received by the pupils.

As a teacher, one of the most important choices you need to make is which types of instructional strategies you will implement in your classroom. In order to accomplish this, you must first identify the requirements of your pupils and determine which approaches will be most effective.


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